Flat foot / Pes planus / Fallen arches
Rehab træning af skaden

Rehab korrigering

Description of flat foot

A flat foot is characterized by the medial (inner) arch of the foot being lower than normal, and the heel thus forms a valgus (outward) angle of more than 10 ° with the lower leg as the longitudinal axis. When the foot is not loaded, the arch is normal; i.e. when the person is lying down. Flat foot is not technically considered an injury, and therefore has no symptoms as such. However, flat foot does play a major role in regards to the occurrence of injury or damage to the lower extremities as the condition prevents optimal shock absorption in the foot, which is something that the rest of the body then has to compensate for.

There are different types of flat foot. One is flexible and the other is rigid. The reason on how you get this flat foot can either be congenital or acquire over time by stressing the arch.

The reason behind congenital flat foot is weakness in ligaments, joint capsules or in the muscles that are responsible for dynamically supporting the arch. In cases where the foot is not immediately the cause; eg. if you are overweight, pregnant, standing in the legs, etc. This increased weight will push the foot into a flat foot, and this is usually called a functional or unfair flat foot. There are also many that are unilateral flat feet, which means that the pressure from the body is asymmetrical. Here are facet joint dysfunction, pelvic malformation, or leg length difference the most frequent causes. If you correct these, this flat foot will also disappear.

Children’s feet are not completely developed until after the age of 6, which means that all children under the age of 6 flat footed. It is always a good idea to buy the best possible footwear for children, but it is unnecessary to opt for correction of foot stance, as it is normal for children under this age to have flat feet. In children older than 6 years, by far the most frequent cause of flat foot is an Achille’s tendon that is too short and therefore pushes the heel into valgus. Usually children grow out of this, especially if a correction is made early using proper footwear. The condition should therefore always be corrected by the treatment of other extremity injuries or asserting these.

Examination for flat foot
  • Analysis / inspection / palpation / movement test.
  • Measurement of the Achilles tendon.
  • Flat Foot Test.
  • Wet test.
Treatment of flat foot
  • Correct footwear.
  • Specific rehab training for the foot.
  • Many children grow out of the condition, especially with correct by footwear.
Rehab træning af skaden

Rehab korrigering